"Biological and Environmental Education" quarterly

ISSN 1643-8779



Ghostwriting prevention

Taking care of the reliability of scientific publications, the editors require the authors to disclose information about sources of their financing, contribution of scientific and research institutions, associations and other entities and contribution of all persons who participated in preparation of a publication at every stage. Authenticity of data is confirmed by the author in a relevant statement at the moment of submission of an article for publication in the Edukacja quarterly.

An author submitting an article confirms authenticity of all data about affiliation and type of contribution (substantial, material, financial, etc.) of all persons by attaching their list at the end of a publication or in acknowledgments. This is done to protect copyright of authors whose role tends to be overlooked, in spite of significant involvement in creation of a publication already at the stage of conceptualization (so-called ghost-writing) and prevents overestimation of persons who did not participate directly in any stage of work on the publication (guest authorship).

In the case of publications prepared within the scope of a research project or a grant, it is necessary to provide (by the title in the first footnote) the following formula:

"Work created / studies conducted within the scope of project No. entitled …, financed by … . Project manager: title, first name, family name, affiliation; research team: for every person - title, first name, family name, affiliation. Postal address of the institution. E-mail address of one author."

In case a publication was prepared on the basis of a master’s or a doctoral thesis – by the title in the first footnote, it is necessary to add the following formula:

"Work written on the basis of a master’s or a doctoral thesis prepared under the supervision of: title, first name, family name, affiliation (name of scientific institution) in (city). Postal address of the institution.  Author’s e-mail address."

Absence of exhaustive information about the authors is a manifestation of low standards and violation of the scientific ethics principles. In case it is discovered that unreliable data was provided, the editorial office documents such a case and undertakes activities leading to broad disclosure of such information, including notification of centres and institutions to which the author/ authors of the publication are affiliated.